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Rotvajler
« poslato: 14 Oktobar, 2012, 22:41:47 »
ROTVAJLER (ROTTWEILER)

FCI-Standard N° 147/  19. 06. 2000 / GB
ORIGIN : Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 06.04.2000.
UTILIZATION :   Companion, service and working dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.
•   Group: 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossian type,    Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs.
•   Section: 2.1 Molossian type, Mastiff  type.

With working trial.



ROTVAJLER (ROTTWEILER)

ROTVAJLER (Rottweiler): FCI No. 147

Originalni naziv rase: ROTTWEILER

Zemlja porekla: NEMAČKA

 
Rotvajler (Rottweiler) ima snažno mišićavo telo , pravi je atleta u svetu pasa. Uzgojen je u nemačkom gradu Virtemberg. Početkom devetnestog veka rasa je gotovo izumrela, ali je ponovo postala popularna stotinak godina kasnije. zahvaljujući entuzijastičkim uzgajivačima iz Štutgarta. Višestruko je talentovan: on je i ovčarski pas i pas čuvar, i radni pas, ume da prati trag, a često se sreće na takmičenjima i testovima poslušnosti... Postoje dva varijeteta ove rase: nemački i američki rotvajler (Rottweiler). Nemački je niži, zdepastiji, sa većom glavom, dok je američki viši sa nešto dužim nogama. Mnogi odgajivači, međutim, kažu da je američki rotvajler (Rottweiler) rođen u Americi, a nemački u Nemačkoj, i da je to jedina razlika. Svaki rotvajler (Rottweiler) je rotvajler (Rottweiler), pripadnik jedne izuzetne rase.

Kratak istorijat:
Rotvajler (Rottweiler) pripada najstarijim rasama pasa. Njegovo poreklo proteže se do vremena Rimljana. U to doba držan je kao pas čuvar i kao terač stoke. Psi su prešli Alpe čuvajući ljude i terajući stoku. U regionu grada Rottweil (Rotvajl), ovi psi susreli su se sa domaćim psima. Došlo je do mešanja pasa. Osnovni zadatak rotvajlera (Rottweiler) bio je da tera i čuva velika stada krava, kao i odbrana svojih gospodara i njihovog vlasništva. Po starom nemačkom gradu Rotvajlu ovaj pas dobio je ime - Rotvajlerski (Rottweiler) mesarski pas. Mesari su gajili ove pse samo na osnovu uspeha pri upotrebi. Tako je nastao preteča psa čuvara i psa za teranje stoke koji je upotrebljavan i kao pas za vuču. Kada su početkom 20. veka traženi psi za policijsku službu, isprobani su i rotvajleri (Rottweiler). Veoma brzo se pokazalo da je pas prikladan za policijsku službu. Zvanično je 1910. godine priznat kao policijski pas.

Uzgoj rotvajlera (Rottweiler) teži psu punom snage, crnom sa crveno braon, jasno ograničenim oznakama, koji kod snažne ukupne pojave ne sme izgubiti plemenitost, i pripada radnim psima, psima za pratnju i zaštitu.

Narav
Rotvajler (Rottweiler) je jedan od najinteligentnijih pasa, zauzima zavidno 9. mesto na skali pseće inteligencije. Takođe ga odlikuje i velika hrabrost. Odličan je čuvar, a istovremeno i porodičan pas. Ume da bude veoma nepoverljiv i opasan po strance, kao i po druge pse. Prilično je imun na bol.

Zahteva dosta šetnje, prilično ga je lako dresirati, ne trpi zatvoren prostor i kada je vezan pati. Važna je socijalizacija i dresura dok je još štene, rado prihvata članove porodice i prijatelje, ali zahteva jasnu hijerarhiju i autoritativnog gazdu. Obzirom na njegovu snažnu i krupnu građu i sklonost ka prejedanju, treba voditi računa o kilaži

Životni vek:
10-13 godina

Opšti izgled:
Rotvajler (Rottweiler) je srednje veliki - veliki, snažni pas ni zdepast ni lak, ni visokih nogu ni hrtast. Njegova u pravilnim odnosima stojeća, zbijena i snažna figura pokazuje veliku snagu, okretnost i izdržljivost.

Proporcije:
Dužina tela merena od grudne kosti do sedne kvrge treba najviše do 15% da prevazilazi visinu grebena.

Karakter:
Od prijateljske i mirne osnove, ljubitelj dece, on je veoma veran, poslušan, vodljiv i radostan pri radu. Njegova pojava odaje samopostojanost, njegovo držanje je samouvereno, čvrstih nerava i neustrašivo. Reaguje sa visokom pažnjom prema okolini.

http://www.rotvajleri.info/index.php/rotvajler



Breed Standard

General Appearance
The ideal Rottweiler is a medium large, robust and powerful dog, black with clearly defined rust markings. His compact and substantial build denotes great strength, agility and endurance. Dogs are characteristically more massive throughout with larger frame and heavier bone than bitches. Bitches are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure.

Size, Proportion, Substance
Dogs--24 inches to 27 inches. Bitches--22 inches to 25 inches, with preferred size being mid-range of each sex. Correct proportion is of primary importance, as long as size is within the standard's range. The length of body, from prosternum to the rearmost projection of the rump, is slightly longer than the height of the dog at the withers, the most desirable proportion of the height to length being 9 to 10. The Rottweiler is neither coarse nor shelly. Depth of chest is approximately fifty percent (50%) of the height of the dog. His bone and muscle mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving a compact and very powerful appearance. Serious Faults--Lack of proportion, undersized, oversized, reversal of sex characteristics (bitchy dogs, doggy bitches).

Head
Of medium length, broad between the ears; forehead line seen in profile is moderately arched; zygomatic arch and stop well developed with strong broad upper and lower jaws. The desired ratio of backskull to muzzle is 3 to 2. Forehead is preferred dry, however some wrinkling may occur when dog is alert. Expression is noble, alert, and self-assured. Eyes of medium size, almond shaped with well fitting lids, moderately deep-set, neither protruding nor receding. The desired color is a uniform dark brown. Serious Faults--Yellow (bird of prey) eyes, eyes of different color or size, hairless eye rim. Disqualification--Entropion. Ectropion. Ears of medium size, pendant, triangular in shape; when carried alertly the ears are level with the top of the skull and appear to broaden it. Ears are to be set well apart, hanging forward with the inner edge lying tightly against the head and terminating at approximately mid-cheek. Serious Faults--Improper carriage (creased, folded or held away from cheek/head). Muzzle--Bridge is straight, broad at base with slight tapering towards tip. The end of the muzzle is broad with well developed chin. Nose is broad rather than round and always black. Lips-Always black; corners closed; inner mouth pigment is preferred dark. Serious Faults--Total lack of mouth pigment (pink mouth). Bite and Dentition--Teeth 42 in number (20 upper, 22 lower), strong, correctly placed, meeting in a scissors bite--lower incisors touching inside of upper incisors. Serious Faults--Level bite; any missing tooth. Disqualifications--Overshot, undershot (when incisors do not touch or mesh); wry mouth; two or more missing teeth.

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck--
Powerful, well muscled, moderately long, slightly arched and without loose skin.

Topline--
The back is firm and level, extending in a straight line from behind the withers to the croup. The back remains horizontal to the ground while the dog is moving or standing.

Body--
The chest is roomy, broad and deep, reaching to elbow, with well pronounced forechest and well sprung, oval ribs. Back is straight and strong. Loin is short, deep and well muscled. Croup is broad, of medium length and only slightly sloping. Underline of a mature Rottweiler has a slight tuck-up.

Males must have two normal testicles properly descended into the scrotum.

Disqualification--
Unilateral cryptorchid or cryptorchid males.

Tail--
Tail docked short, close to body, leaving one or two tail vertebrae. The set of the tail is more important than length. Properly set, it gives an impression of elongation of topline; carried slightly above horizontal when the dog is excited or moving.

Forequarters
Shoulder blade is long and well laid back. Upper arm equal in length to shoulder blade, set so elbows are well under body. Distance from withers to elbow and elbow to ground is equal. Legs are strongly developed with straight, heavy bone, not set close together. Pasterns are strong, springy and almost perpendicular to the ground. Feet are round, compact with well arched toes, turning neither in nor out. Pads are thick and hard. Nails short, strong and black. Dewclaws may be removed.

Hindquarters
Angulation of hindquarters balances that of forequarters. Upper thigh is fairly long, very broad and well muscled. Stifle joint is well turned. Lower thigh is long, broad and powerful, with extensive muscling leading into a strong hock joint. Rear pasterns are nearly perpendicular to the ground. Viewed from the rear, hind legs are straight, strong and wide enough apart to fit with a properly built body. Feet are somewhat longer than the front feet, turning neither in nor out, equally compact with well arched toes. Pads are thick and hard. Nails short, strong, and black. Dewclaws must be removed.

Coat
Outer coat is straight, coarse, dense, of medium length and lying flat. Undercoat should be present on neck and thighs, but the amount is influenced by climatic conditions. Undercoat should not show through outer coat. The coat is shortest on head, ears and legs, longest on breeching. The Rottweiler is to be exhibited in the natural condition with no trimming. Fault--Wavy coat. Serious Faults--Open, excessively short, or curly coat; total lack of undercoat; any trimming that alters the length of the natural coat. Disqualification--Long coat.

Color
Always black with rust to mahogany markings. The demarcation between black and rust is to be clearly defined. The markings should be located as follows: a spot over each eye; on cheeks; as a strip around each side of muzzle, but not on the bridge of the nose; on throat; triangular mark on both sides of prosternum;on forelegs from carpus downward to the toes; on inside of rear legs showing down the front of the stifle and broadening out to front of rear legs from hock to toes, but not completely eliminating black from rear of pasterns; un-der tail; black penciling on toes. The undercoat is gray, tan, or black. Quantity and location of rust markings is important and should not exceed ten percent of body color. Serious Faults--Straw-colored, excessive, insufficient or sooty markings; rust marking other than described above; white marking any place on dog (a few rust or white hairs do not constitute a marking).

Disqualifications--
Any base color other than black; absence of all markings.

Gait
The Rottweiler is a trotter. His movement should be balanced, harmonious, sure, powerful and unhindered, with strong forereach and a powerful rear drive. The motion is effortless, efficient, and ground-covering. Front and rear legs are thrown neither in nor out, as the imprint of hind feet should touch that of forefeet. In a trot the forequarters and hindquarters are mutually coordinated while the back remains level, firm and relatively motionless. As speed increases the legs will converge under body towards a center line.

Temperament
The Rottweiler is basically a calm, confident and courageous dog with a self-assured aloofness that does not lend itself to immediate and indiscriminate friendships. A Rottweiler is self-confident and responds quietly and with a wait-and-see attitude to influences in his environment. He has an inherent desire to protect home and family, and is an intelligent dog of extreme hardness and adaptability with a strong willingness to work, making him especially suited as a companion, guardian and general all-purpose dog.

The behavior of the Rottweiler in the show ring should be controlled, willing and adaptable, trained to submit to examination of mouth, testicles, etc. An aloof or reserved dog should not be penalized, as this reflects the accepted character of the breed. An aggressive or belligerent attitude towards other dogs should not be faulted.

A judge shall excuse from the ring any shy Rottweiler. A dog shall be judged fundamentally shy if, refusing to stand for examination, it shrinks away from the judge. A dog that in the opinion of the judge menaces or threatens him/her, or exhibits any sign that it may not be safely approached or examined by the judge in the normal manner, shall be excused from the ring. A dog that in the opinion of the judge attacks any person in the ring shall be disqualified.

Summary

Faults -
The foregoing is a description of the ideal Rottweiler. Any structural fault that detracts from the above described working dog must be penalized to the extent of the deviation.

Disqualifications
Entropion, ectropion. Overshot, undershot (when incisors do not touch or mesh); wry mouth; two or more missing teeth. Unilateral cryptorchid or cryptorchid males. Long coat. Any base color other than black; absence of all markings. A dog that in the opinion of the judge attacks any person in the ring.

Approved May 8, 1990
Effective June 28, 1990

http://www.akc.org/breeds/rottweiler/index.cfm#breedstd



Rottweiler - Breed standard
   
Rottweiler: F.C.I. - Standard Nr. 147 / 19.06.2000 / D
Origin: Germany
Date of publication of the valid original standard: 06.04.2000
Utilization: Companion, servic and working dog
Klassifikation FCI:
Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossian type and Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs and other breeds)
Section 2.1 Molossian type, Mastiff type with working trial.

Brief historical summary
The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds. Its origin goes back to Roman times. These dogs were kept as herder or driving dogs. They marched over the Alps with the Roman legions, protecting the humans and driving their cattle. In the region of Rottweil, these dogs met and mixed with the native dogs in a natural crossing. The main task of the Rottweiler now became the driving and guarding of the herds of cattle and the defence of their masters and their property. This breed acquired its name from the old free city of Rottweil and was known as the "Rottweil butcher`s dog".

The butchers bred this type of dog purely for performance and usefulness. In due course, a first rate watch and driving dog evolved which could also be used as a draught dog. When, at the beginning of the twentieth century, various breeds were needed for police service, the Rottweiler was amongst those tested. It soon became evident that the breed was highly suitable for the tasks set by police service and therefore they were officially recognized as police dogs in 1910.

Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, service and working dog.

General Appearance
The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads to the conclusion of great strength, agility and endurance.

Important Proportions
The length of the body, measured from the sternum (breast-bone) to the ischiatic tuberosity, should not exceed the height at the withers by, at most, 15 %.

Behaviour / Temperament
Good natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children, very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behaviour self assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.

Head

Cranial Region:
Skull:
Of medium length, broad between the ears. Forehead line moderately arched as seen from the side. Occipital bone well developed without being conspicious.

Stop:
Well defined.

Facial Region

Nose:
Nose well developed, more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, always black.

Muzzle:
The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region. Straight nasal bridge, broad at base, moderately tapered.

Lips:
Black, close fitting, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as dark as possible.

Jaws / Teeth:
Upper and lower jaw strong and broad. Strong complete dentition (42 teeth) with scissor bite, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors.

Cheeks:
Zygomatic arches pronounced.

Eyes:
Of medium size, almond shaped, dark brown in colour. Eyelids close fitting.

Ears:
Medium-sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high. With the ears laid forward close to the head the skull appears to be broadened.

Neck:
Strong, of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, free from throatiness, without dewlap.

Body

Back:
Straight, strong, firm.

Loins:
Short, strong and deep.

Croup:
Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away.

Chest:
Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50 % of the shoulder height) with well developed forechest and well sprung ribs.
Belly: Flanks not tucked up.

Tail:
In natural condition, level in extension of the upper line; at ease may be hanging

Limbs

Forequarters:
Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, stands straight. The slope of the shoulder blade is about 45 degrees to the horizontal.

Shoulders:
Well laid back.

Upper arm:
Close fitting to the body.

Forearm:
Strongly developed and muscular.

Pasterns:
Slightly springy, strong, not steep.

Front feet:
Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong.

Hindquarters:
Seen from behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog`s upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh and the metatarsal.

Upper thigh:
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.

Lower thigh:
Long, strongly and broadly muscled at top, sinewy.

Hocks:
Sturdy well angulated hocks; not steep.

Hindfeet:
Slightly longer than the front feet. Toes strong, arched, as tight as front feet.

Gait
The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride.

Skin
Skin on the head: Overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.

Coat

Hair:
The coat consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the hindlegs.
Colour: Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.

Size and weight

Heigtht at withers:
For males is
•   61 - 68 cm.
•   61 - 62 cm is small
•   63 - 64 cm is medium height
•   65 - 66 cm is large - correct height
•   67 - 68 cm is very large


Weight:
Approximately 50 kg

Heigtht at withers:
For bitches is
•   56 - 63 cm.
•   56 - 57 cm is small
•   58 - 59 cm is medium height
•   60 - 61 cm is large - correct height
•   62 - 63 cm is very large

Weight:
Approximately 42 kg

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

General appearance:
Light, weedy, leggy appearance. Light in bone and muscle.

Head:
Hound-type head. Narrow, light, too short, long or coarse head. Flat forehead (lack of stop or too little stop).

Foreface:
Long or pointed muzzle; split nose; Roman nose (convex nasal bridge) or dish-faced (concave nasal bridge); aquiline nose; pale or spotted nose (butterfly nose).

Lips:
Pendulous, pink or patchy; corner of lips visible.

Jaws:
Narrow lower jaw.

Bite:
Pincer bite.

Cheeks:
Strongly protruding.

Eyes:
Light, deep set. Also too full and round eyes; loose eye-lids.

Ears:
Set on too low, heavy, long, slack or turned backwards. Also flying ears or ears not carried symmetrically.

Neck:
Too long, thin, lacking muscle. Showing dewlap or throaty.

Body:
Too long, too short or too narrow.

Back:
Too long, weak; sway-back or roach back.

Croup:
Too sloping, too short, too flat or too long.

Chest:
Flat ribbed or barrel shaped. Too narrow behind.

Tail:
Set on too high or too low.

Forequarters:
Narrow or crooked front legs. Steep shoulder placement. Loose or out at elbow. Too long, too short or too straight in upper arm. Weak or steep pastern. Splayed feet. Too flat or too arched toes. Deformed toes. Light coloured nails.

Hindquarters:
Flat thighs, hocks too close, cow hocks or barrel hocks. Joints with too little or too much angulation. Dewclaws.

Skin:
Wrinkles on head

Coat:
Soft, too short or too long. Wavy coat; lack of undercoat.

Colour:
Markings of incorrect colour, not clearly defined.. Markings which are too spread out.

Eliminating Faults:

General:
Distinct reversal of sexual type, i.e. feminine dogs or masculine bitches.

Teeth:
Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth; lack of one incisive tooth, one canine, one premolar and one molar.

Eyes:
Entropion, ectropion, yellow eyes, different coloured eyes.

Tail:
Kink tail, ring tail, with strong lateral deviation

Hair:
Definitely long or wavy coat.

Colour:
Dogs which do not show the typical Rottweiler colouring of black with tan markings. White markings.

Behaviour:
Anxious, shy, cowardly, gun-shy, vicious, excessively suspicious, nervous animals.

N.B.: Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
 
http://www.adrk.de/5_standard_e.htm

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Odg: Rotvajler
« Odgovor #1 poslato: 18 Oktobar, 2012, 13:10:04 »



Poreklo rotvajlera (Rottweiler)

Predpostavlja se da je rotvajler (Rottweiler) nastao od italijanskog mastifa, kojog su Rimljani koristili kada su osvajali Evropu. Pas je čuvao stada ovaca i goveda koja su služila za ishranu vojnika. Rasa kakvu danas znamo je nastala u Nemačkoj, u okrugu Rotvajl grada Virtemberga, po kojoj je i dobio ime. I Nemci su psa primarno koristili za čuvanje stada, mada je bio i tovarna životinja, noseći drva i razne proizvode na pijaci. Za vreme prvog i drugog svetskog rata, stavljen je u vojnu službu i pomagao je vojnicima na straži.



Rotvajler (Rottweiler) kao kućni ljubimac

Savet je za svakoga ko nabavlja rotvajlera (Rottweiler) da treba da ima već iskustva u ophođenju sa psima i da poznaje ponašanje pasa.

Ukoliko se rottweiler ne drži pravilno, tj. prave se greške u odgajanju i proceni, mogu se izazvati ozbiljne posledice. Svaki početnik pravi greške, pogotovu ako je samouk i ako samostalno dolazi do informacija vezanih za držanje pasa. Rotvajleri (Rottweiler) se ne smeju podceniti.

Veza sa porodicom – psi su čoporativne životinje . I protiv svoje prirode prestali su da se ponašaju kao u prirodi nemilosrdno.

Međutim, to se u rottweileru , koji se ubraja u jake, samosvesne i temperamentne pse ,mora neminovno probuditi ukoliko sa njim pogrešno postupamo. On treba da ima vezu sa porodicom i da sa njom ima kontakt koji će trajati i po nekoliko sati dnevno. Rotvajlera (Rottweiler) treba primiti u porodicni krug samo ukoliko je svaki član porodice oduševljen ovom idejom. Sa svojim jakim, kratkim krznom pripada rasama koje su lake za negovanje, iako odbacuje dlaku koja u vreme menjanja leti po kući.

Mesto življenja - Veliki pas iziskuje životni prostor.Ideal je kuća sa vrtom po kojoj se pas može slobodno kretati. Držanje u gradu, u stanovima je situacija na koju se rottweiler potpuno adaptirao,ali pošto je psu neophodno da se kreće, a to mu je u takvoj sredini znatno otežano, vlasnik je dužan da mu omogući dosta šetnje i prostora koji mu je potreban. Ako imate svoju kuću sa vrtom, to vas ne oslobađa dužnosti da šetate psa.On ne može da zadovolji vlastite potrebe za kretanjem šetajući se sam po vrtu. Uspavani rottweiler, sa gomilom sala na svom telu,ne predstavlja ukras svoje vrste.Kretanje je značajna stvar u zajedničkom životu.



Ponašanje rotvajlera (Rottweiler)

Kao što je već spomenuto,u tekstu o karakteru, i kod ponašanja rottweilera najvažniji je dobar odgoj. Pristojno ponašanje psa u ljudskom društvu vezano je za ponašanje i odnos vlasnika prema psu dok je bio štene. Koliko je važno da pohvala sledi odmah nakon dobrog postupka našeg psa , toliko je važno da kazna dođe još brže posle greške.Kada naše štene, ili odrastao pas pogreši, možemo ga kazniti na više načina .Ponekad je potrebno psa i udariti, ali pri tome treba voditi računa gde i kako. Najbolje je od starta napraviti takav odnos sa psom da je za njega strašna kazna i povišen i strog glas. Rotvajler (Rottweiler) rado sluša. Može se desiti da u početku moramo prisiliti psa da sluša, što će on kasnije raditi voljno i radosno.

Narav rotvajlera (Rottweiler) se oblikuje dok je štene, dok je ozbiljan problem nešto promeniti kod odraslog i karakterno oformljenog psa.Vrlo često smo svedoci priča kako su na zapadu psi rado viđeni u sredstvima javnog prevoza,trgovačkim centrima pa i restoranima. Kod nas to nije slučaj i to zbog nedostatka elementarnog ponašanja. Kada pas jednom prihvati pravila ponašanja više ih neće zaboraviti i po njima će se ponašati do kraja života.

Kao i kod ljudi,tako i kod pasa neke jedinke brzo uče i prihvataju, dok je drugima potrebno bezbroj ponavljanja.U svakom slučaju, treba pokazati istrajnost. Kod rotvajlera (Rottweiler) mogu se javiti dva tipa ponašanja – jedno je genetski nasleđeno i drugo koje je posledica razmišljanja – stečeno. Pod genetski nasleđenim ponašanjem smatra se ono iskonsko u psima, nasleđe koje ide iz generacije u generaciju npr. zakopavanje kostiju.Drugo ponašanje, koje proizlazi iz razmišljanja, je stečeno iskustvom npr. nevoljno odlaženje kod veterinara.

Pod instinktivnim ponašanjem smatramo igru, lov, agresivnost,koji se mogu razviti tek u društvenom životu, dok inteligencija omogućava brže učenje koje treba poticati pohvalama i nagradama.



Greške u ponašanju rotvajlera (Rottweiler)

Kao što smo rekli, kod rotvajlera (Rottweiler) se kao i kod ostalih rasa pasa, javlja genetski nasleđeno ponašanje i stečeno ponašanje. Povodom genetski nasleđenog ponašanja moram spomenuti dužnost odgajivaca da usmeri budućeg vlasnika psa,na osnovu karakternih osobina roditelja od šteneta koje se kupuje, na način odgoja šteneta.Ovdje se misli na dobre i loše strane u karakteru koje pokazuju njegovi roditelji, a koje se putem genetskog nasleđivanja mogu pojaviti kod šteneta kao odraslog psa, koje ponašanje suzbijati a koje podržavati prilikom odgoja. Na ovaj način možemo izbeći neželjene posledice koje mogu izazvati neznanje i neodgovornost pojedinca . Takođe ,svoje komplekse ne treba lečiti preko psa, bez obzira koje su prirode, jer i takve stvari mogu izazvati loš efekt na psihu psa. Stečeno ponašanje je odraz života kojim jedinka živi .Pod ovim se podrazumeva stanje u kompletnoj porodici (odnos svakog ukućana ponaosob prema psu), pri čemu značajno mesto zauzima odnos i stav vođe čopora sa psom. Inteligencija pasa je, kao i kod ljudi, na različitim nivoima pa se tako može i razvijati do različitog nivoa.Treba je još više potsticati na psu drage načine (pohvale i nagrade). Iskustvo igra veliku ulogu u ponašanju psa. Ukoliko pas ima negativno iskustvo na nekom polju, pokušati će na sve moguće i njemu dozvoljene načine da isto izbegne.Često možemo svojim ponašanjem ili snalažljivošću uticati da neko moguće negativno iskustvo bude pozitivno. Svojom nesmotrenošću ili neznanjem možete pokvariti i najbolje pse. Ponašanje psa je vrlo često ogledalo vlasnika.



Karakter rotvajlera (Rottweiler)

Karakter rotvajlera (Rottweiler), kao uostalom i svih rasa pasa, u osnovi se sastoji od zbira nasledenih i stecenih od zbira nasledenih i stecenih psihickih i mentalnih karakteristika, kvaliteta i sposobnosti, koji odreduju i regulisu njegovo ponasanje prema okolini.
Uz postovanje njegove mentalne konstrukcije, odnosno, mentalnog sklopa, njegovo ponasanje je u osnovi prijateljsko, on je odan i poslusan i ima volju za radom. Njegov temperament, njegova spremnost na akciju i zelja za kretanjem su mjereni. Njegova reakcija na negativan nadrazaj je ostra, neustrasiva i uverljiva.

I cula su mu razvijena u odgovarajucoj mjeri, reakcije su mu brze, a sposobnost ucenja veoma izrazena. On je snazan i dobro izbalansiran, uravnotezen tip psa. Zbog svoje otvorene prirode, umerene ostrine i visokog stepena samopouzdanja, na okolinu djeluje mirno I promisljeno.

Medutim, kada oseti opasnost, istog momenta krece u akciju upravo zbog svog, veoma razvijenog borbenog i zastitnickog instikta. Suocen sa bolnim iskustvom ostaj cvrst i neustrasiv I ne odstupa. Kada opasnost prode, relativno brzo ga prolazi zelja za borbom i on se ponovo ponasa mirno.

Medu njegovim dobrim osobinama nalazi se i neogranicena ljubav i povjerenje prema djeci kao i snazna privrzenost kuci i porodici i stalna spremnost da ih brani.

Rotvajler (Rottweiler) je u osnovi smiren, povjerljiv i neustrasiv pas, sa veoma mnogosamopouzdanja,koje mu ipak ne zadovoljava da sklapa trenutna i neselektivna prijateljstva. Sa veoma malo sumlje i visokim stepenom samouvjerenosti, na nadrazaje iz okoline rotvajler (Rottweiler) djeluje tiho, u maniru "sacekaj da vidis sta je to ". Nasleden mu je nagon za zastitom kuce i porodice. On je veoma inteligentan pas, izuzetne ostrine i dobre prilagodljivosti, sa izrazenom voljom za radom, sto ga cini veoma pogodnim za pratnju, cuvanje,pa i za "razne druge svrhe".

Ono sto vazi za sve rase, a kod ovog psa je jos izrazenije jeste da mora imati "primarnog vodu, odnosno vodu copora, tj. Osobu koja ce u hijerarhiji biti ispred njega, jer u protivnom on sam veoma lako postaje voda, a posledica toga je pas, koji sam donosi odluke, sto u slucaju rotvajlera (Rottweiler) nije nimalo prijatno.
...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...

Van mreže Dime

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« Odgovor #2 poslato: 18 Oktobar, 2012, 13:35:41 »
Anatomija Rotvajlera


...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...

Van mreže Dime

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« Odgovor #3 poslato: 18 Oktobar, 2012, 13:40:33 »
Dogs 101 - Rottweiler
...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...

Van mreže Dime

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« Odgovor #4 poslato: 29 Oktobar, 2012, 17:00:25 »
Opis rase:

The Rottweiler - Chapter 1
...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...

Van mreže Dime

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« Odgovor #5 poslato: 29 Oktobar, 2012, 17:00:59 »
Opis rase:

The Rottweiler - Chapter 2
...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...

Van mreže Dime

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« Odgovor #6 poslato: 29 Oktobar, 2012, 17:01:33 »
Opis rase:

The Rottweiler - Chapter 3
...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...

Van mreže Tamara

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« Odgovor #7 poslato: 02 Decembar, 2012, 16:49:33 »



Van mreže Diana

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« Odgovor #8 poslato: 04 Mart, 2013, 19:09:42 »

Van mreže Dime

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« Odgovor #9 poslato: 09 Mart, 2013, 20:41:00 »
Rotvajler i patuljasta pudla:

...Ko hoće uvek nađe način, ko neće uvek nađe opravdanje...